NY Laws

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New York State Laws

The Penal Law in New York under Article 230 details sex trafficking, solicitation, and prostitution laws.  New York passed specific Sex Trafficking Laws in 2007, which the Department of Criminal Justice Services hails as one of the most comprehensive statues in the country.


S 230.34 Sex trafficking.
  A  person  is  guilty  of  sex  trafficking if he or she intentionally advances or profits from prostitution by:
    1. unlawfully providing to a person who is patronized, with intent  to impair  said  person's  judgment:  (a)  a  narcotic  drug  or a narcotic preparation; (b) concentrated cannabis as defined in  paragraph  (a)  of
  subdivision  four  of  section  thirty-three  hundred  two of the public health  law;  (c)  methadone;  or  (d)  gamma-hydroxybutyrate  (GHB) or flunitrazepan, also known as Rohypnol;
    2.  making  material  false statements, misstatements, or omissions to induce or maintain the person being patronized to engage in or  continue to engage in prostitution activity;
    3.  withholding,  destroying,  or confiscating any actual or purported passport,  immigration  document,  or  any  other  actual  or  purported government  identification  document  of  another  person with intent to
  impair said person's freedom of movement; provided, however,  that  this subdivision  shall  not apply to an attempt to correct a social security administration record or immigration agency record  in  accordance  with
  any  local,  state, or federal agency requirement, where such attempt is not made for the purpose of any express or implied threat;
    4. requiring that prostitution  be  performed  to  retire,  repay,  or service a real or purported debt;
    5. using force or engaging in any scheme, plan or pattern to compel or induce the person being patronized to engage in or continue to engage in prostitution  activity by means of instilling a fear in the person being
  patronized that, if the demand  is  not  complied  with,  the  actor  or another will do one or more of the following:
    (a)  cause  physical  injury,  serious  physical injury, or death to a
  person; or
    (b) cause damage to property, other than the property of the actor; or
    (c)  engage  in  other  conduct  constituting  a  felony  or  unlawful
  imprisonment in the second degree in violation of section 135.05 of this
  chapter; or
    (d)  accuse  some  person  of  a  crime  or  cause criminal charges or
  deportation proceedings to be instituted against some person;  provided,
  however,  that  it  shall  be an affirmative defense to this subdivision
  that the defendant reasonably believed the threatened charge to be  true
  and  that  his or her sole purpose was to compel or induce the victim to
  take reasonable action to make good the wrong which was the  subject  of
  such threatened charge; or
    (e)  expose  a  secret  or publicize an asserted fact, whether true or
  false, tending to subject some person to hatred, contempt  or  ridicule;
    (f)   testify   or   provide  information  or  withhold  testimony  or
  information with respect to another's legal claim or defense; or
    (g) use or abuse his or her position as a public servant by performing
  some act within or related to his or her official duties, or by  failing
  or  refusing  to  perform  an official duty, in such manner as to affect
  some person adversely; or
    (h) perform any other act which would not in itself materially benefit
  the actor but which is calculated to harm the person who  is  patronized
  materially  with  respect  to  his or her health, safety, or immigration
     Sex trafficking is a class B felony.